Running, jumping, typing, wiggling your toes, bending, showing, painting, sitting, sleeping – what do these and practically all activities have in common? They require the interaction of our bones and joints. The importance of healthy joints is recognized worldwide with World Rheumatism Day on October 12, while healthy bones are the focus of World Spine Day on October 16 and World Osteoporosis Day on October 20.
Our bones and joints do great teamwork. Did you know that:1
- the human body consists of 206 bones, of which 26 in the foot and 54 in the hand, including the wrist.
- the femur is the longest and strongest bone of the human skeleton. The smallest and lightest bone, on the other hand, is located in the middle ear and is called a stirrup.
- the hyoid bone is a V-shaped bone below the tongue. It is the only human bone that is not connected to another!
- Bones consist of calcium, phosphorus, sodium and other minerals, as well as the protein collagen. The bones protect the organs in the form of our skeleton and also produce red and white blood cells.
- Joints are the place where two bones meet or are connected to each other. They consist of short strands of strong, fibrous connective tissue known as ligaments.
- some joints move and some don’t. The joints in the skull, for example, do not move, but synovial joints do. Synovial joints are mainly located in our arms and legs.
- Hip and shoulder joints are the most mobile and are called ball joints. They make it possible to move arms and legs in different directions.
- Ellipsoid joints ensure that we can bend and stretch our fingers; Hinge joints allow the movements of knees and elbows; Sliding joints in the ankles and wrists work by sliding against each other.
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The more we practice Active Wellness, the healthier and more durable our bones and joints will be. Continuous physical exercise, a balanced diet and sufficient sleep help us to stay healthy and maintain the interaction of our bones and joints throughout our lives.
October 14, 2021